|Scientific name:||Salvia officinalis|
|Common name:||Common sage, Garden sage, Kitchen sage, Dalmatian sage|
|Hebrew name:||מרווה רפואית|
|Arabic name:||قصعين طبي|
|Family:||Labiatae / Lamiaceae, שפתניים|
|Stems:||60 cm high, branching, young branches tomentose and whitish|
|Leaves:||Opposite, entire, dissected once, wrinkled, cinereous white or tinged with dusky purple, very short petioles|
|Flowers:||Flowers terminating, in long spikes of six-flowered whorls; lilach|
|Fruits / Pods:||Nutlets|
|Flowering Period:||March, April, May, June|
|Habitat:||Mediterranean maquis and forest|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Salvia, Latin salvere, to save, referring to the long-believed healing properties of salvia. Pliny the Elder was the first known to use the Latin name salvia.
officinalis, sold as an herb; medicinal.
The Israeli botanists Dr. Ephraim and Hanah Hareuveni pointed out that the architecture of the vertical inflorescence of this species of Salvia resembles the shape of the Menorah, in particular—the Salvia Palaestina. Therefore, they suggested that it had inspired the design of the Menorah. Moreover, based on etymology perspectives they suggested that the Hebrew word “Marva, מרווה” (Salvia) was originated from the Hebrew word “Moriah” (the Temple Mount name), reflecting the connection between this plant and the Menorah, which was situated inside the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
The ancient Egyptians used Salvia officinalis to increase fertility.