Salvia judaica, Judean Sage,
Hebrew: מרוות יהודה, Arabic: لسينه

Scientific name:  Salvia judaica Boiss.
Common name:  Judean Sage
Hebrew name:   מרוות יהודה
Arabic name:   لسينه
Family:  Labiatae / Lamiaceae, שפתניים

Salvia judaica, Judean Sage, מרוות יהודה

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte
Leaves:  Opposite, rosette, entire, petiolate; dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Violet, borne in distant whorls of 6 to 12 each
Flowering Period:   April, May, June
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Israel native plants online

Derivation of the botanical name:
Salvia, Latin salvere, to save, referring to the long-believed healing properties of salvia. Pliny the Elder was the first known to use the Latin name salvia.
judaica, from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, Judah, the name given to the mountainous southern part of the historic Land of Israel (Hebrew: ארץ ישראל‎ Eretz Yisrael).
The Israeli botanists Dr. Ephraim and Hanah Hareuveni pointed out that the architecture of the vertical inflorescence of this species of Salvia resembles the shape of the Menorah, in particular—the Salvia Palaestina. Therefore, they suggested that it had inspired the design of the Menorah. Moreover, based on etymology perspectives they suggested that the Hebrew word “Marva, מרווה” (Salvia) was originated from the Hebrew word “Moriah” (the Temple Mount name), reflecting the connection between this plant and the Menorah, which was situated inside the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
The plant's inflorescence has almost exactly the shape and form of the menorah, the seven-branched candelabra.