Raphanus raphanistrum, Sea-Radish, White Charlock, Wild Radish,
Jointed Charlock, فجل  برى, צנון מצוי

Scientific name:  Raphanus raphanistrum L.
Common name:  Sea-Radish, White Charlock, Wild Radish, Jointed Charlock
Hebrew name:   צנון מצוי
Arabic name:   فجل  برى
Family:  Cruciferae (Brassicaceae), מצליבים

Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور,

Life form:  Annual
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Cream
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April, May
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Med - Euro-Siberian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Raphanus raphanistrum, Sea-Radish, White Charlock, Wild Radish, Jointed Charlock, فجل  برى, צנון מצוי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Raphanus, Greek raphanos, "quick-appearing" because of the rapid germination of the seeds.
raphanistrum, Latin from Greek rhaphanis, "radish."
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Herodotus, Greek historian (approx. 484 B.C-425 BCE), wrote that pyramidbuilders received their pay in 'radishes, onions and garlic'. In Egypt, Raphanus was used as a vegetable and a medicine.

Pliny (23-79 CE), Natural History, Book XIV.XXVI.78-88 : 'In Egypt the radish is held in remarkable esteem because it produces oil, which they make from its seed. The people are very fond of sowing radish seed if opportunity offers, because they make more profit from it than from corn and have a smaller duty to pay on it, and because no plant there yields a larger supply of oil. ...and in Egypt, where they are remarkeble for sweetness'. He also quotes the Egyptians for using it for medical purposes.


Israel, Flowers, Palestine, Nature


Raphanus raphanistrum, Sea-Radish,White Charlock, Wild Radish, Jointed Charlock, فجل  برى, צנון מצוי
Location: Netanya, the Dora rain pool