Echium judaeum, Judean Viper's-bugloss,
עכנאי יהודה, ححمحم الغور

Scientific name:  Echium judaeum Lacaita
Common name:  Judean Viper's-bugloss
Hebrew name:  עכנאי יהודה
Arabic name:   ححمحم الغور
Family:  Boraginaceae, זיפניים

Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور

Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Stems:  Erect, branching at the top
Leaves:  Alternate, entire
Flowers:  Blue, violet
Fruits / pods:  Nutlike fruit
Flowering Period:   March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana, Shrub-steppes, Desert
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Echium judaeum, Judean Viper's-bugloss, ححمحم الغور, עכנאי יהודה


Derivation of the botanical name:
Echium, echis, "a viper," the nutlets appearing to represent a viper's head.
judaeum from Latin Judaeum, from Greek Ioudaios, from Aramaic jehudhai (Heb. y'hudi "Jew," from Y'hudah "Judah," lit. "celebrated," name of Jacob's fourth son and of the tribe descended from him; Jew.
Bugloss(Greek origin), means ox tongue, apparently because of the roughness of the leaves.
  • The standard author abbreviation Lacaita is used to indicate Charles Carmichael Lacaita (1853 - 1933), a British botanist and Liberal politician.

Flora of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine


Echium judaeum, Judean Viper's-bugloss, ححمحم الغور,עכנאי יהודה


Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور