Calendula arvensis, Calendula aegyptiaca, Field Marigold,
Hebrew: צפורני-חתול מצויות, Arabic: أزريون, Egypt: ع̛ن البقر "'Ain El-Baqar"

Scientific name:  Calendula arvensis L.
Synonym name:  Calendula aegyptiaca auct.p.p. non Pers.
Common name:  Field Marigold
Hebrew name:  צפורני-חתול מצויות
Arabic name:  أزريون
Egypt:  ع̛ن البقر "'Ain El-Baqar"
Family:  Compositae (Asteraceae), מורכבים

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Life form:  Annual
Stems:  30- 60 cm high; Erect or decumbent
Leaves:  Alternate, oblong-lanceilate, toothed or edge unbroken, hairy below
Flowers:  Yellow
Fruits / pods:  Very distinctive nut-like fruits, half-moon or ring-shaped
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April, December
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana, Shrub-steppes, Desert
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Calendula arvensis, Calendula aegyptiaca, Field Marigold, أزريون ,צפורני-חתול מצויות

Derivation of the botanical name:
Calendula,from the Latin kalendae, "first day of the month" in the Roman calendar, since they can be found in flower at the beginning of most months of the year.
arvensis, arvum, field, cultivated land, plowed land; ensis, country or place of origin or habitat; of cultivated fields.
Marigold, refers to its link with the Virgin Mary.
The Hebrew name: צפרני-החתול, tsiporne-chatul, cat’s claws, for the fruit looks like a cat’s paw with drawn claws.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Pers. is used to indicate Christiaan Hendrik Persoon (1761–1836), born in South Africa, a lichenologist, mycologist and taxonomist.
In Egypt, the Calendula arvensis is called " kahleh ;" and in this. word, we recognise the kaaxan of Alemán, Epicharmus (c. 540 and c. 450 BCE), Nicolaus Damascenus (c.64 BCE), and Athenceus xv. 28.
Alire Raffeneau Delile (1778 - 1850), a French botanist, found the Calendula arvensis growing spontaneously around Cairo; and the Calendula officinalis, in gardens at Alexandria.
Calendula arvense seems to have therapeutic properties. It is antiseptic. Some constituents are antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral.

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Calendula arvensis, Calendula aegyptiaca, Field Marigold, أزريون ,צפורני-חתול מצויות

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Calendula arvensis, Calendula aegyptiaca, Field Marigold, أزريون

,צפורני-חתול מצויות