Brassica nigra, Sinapis nigra, Black mustard, Shortpod mustard,
Hebrew: כרוב שחור, Arabic: البراسيكا السوداء, Egypt: لسبن "Lisban"
|| ||Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch|
|| ||Sinapis nigra L.|
|| ||Black mustard, Shortpod mustard|
|| ||כרוב שחור|
|| ||البراسيكا السوداء|
|| ||لسبن "Lisban"|
|| ||Cruciferae / Brassicaceae, מצליביפ|
|| ||60 cm tall; usually glabrous and glaucous; sometimes they have scattered stiff hairs toward the base|
|| ||Alternate, rosette, dissected, dentate or serrate|
|| ||Hermaphrodite, yellow|
|Fruits / pods:
|| ||Siliqua appressed to stem; reddish to dark brown; broadly oblong or slightly flattened; thick raised reticulations, glossy concave interspaces, and minute stipples|
|| ||April, May, June, July|
|| ||Batha, Phrygana|
|| ||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Brassica, the classical Latin name for cabbage.
The Hebrew word: כרוב שחור ,cruv shjachoor, cruv, cabbage; shjachoor, black.
The Romans are the first to be credited with making mustard in the way we know it today. They mixed the ground seeds with grape juice; the word "mustard" derives from mustum, "grape must," and ardens, "burning," mustum ardens- hence "must ard".
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
- The standard author abbreviation W.D.J.Koch is used to indicate Wilhelm Daniel Joseph Koch (1771-1849), a German physician and botanist.
The seeds of the Brassica nigra make the table mustard.
- Matthew 13:31–32
He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.
- Matthew 17:20
He replied, “Because you have so little faith. Truly I tell you, if you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you.”
- Mark 4:30
[ The Parable of the Mustard Seed ] Again he said, “What shall we say the kingdom of God is like, or what parable shall we use to describe it?
- Mark 4:31
It is like a mustard seed, which is the smallest of all seeds on earth.
- Luke 13:18
[ The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast ] Then Jesus asked, “What is the kingdom of God like? What shall I compare it to?
- Luke 13:19
It is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his garden. It grew and became a tree, and the birds perched in its branches.”
- Luke 17:6
He replied, “If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and planted in the sea,’ and it will obey you.