Bougainvillea glabra, Paper Flower, Lesser bougainvillea,
בוגנוויליה

Scientific name:  Bougainvillea glabra Choisy
Common name:  Paper Flower, Lesser bougainvillea
Hebrew name:  בוגנוויליה
Family:  Nyctaginaceae, Four o'clock family, לילניים

Israel wildflowers and native plants

Life form:  Vine, evergreen
Stems:  Slender, arching stem; well-armed with thorns
Leaves:  Alternate, entire, 4-13 cm long and 2-6 cm broad
Inflorescence:  Each flower in an inflorescence may have its own whorl of bracts, in this case called an involucre
Flowers:  Small insignificant white tubular flowers surrounded by showy colorful bracts: pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white or yellow
Fruits / pods:  Achene, five-lobed
Flowering Period:  Year round. Not too much in mid December - mid January
Chorotype:  South America
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Bougainvillea glabra, Paper Flower,Lesser bougainvillea, בוגנוויליה


Derivation of the botanical name:
Bougainvillea, named in honor of Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville (1729 – 1811), an admiral in the French Navy.
glabra, glaber, hairless, smooth, bald; glabrous.
Any plant of the genus Bougainvillea, comprising about 14 species of shrubs, vines, or small trees hardy in warm climates. Many species are spiny. The inconspicuous flowers are surrounded by brightly coloured papery bracts, for which one species, Bougainvillea glabra, is called paperflower. The bracts of various species range from purple to lemon-yellow.
  • The standard author abbreviation Choisy is used to indicate Jacques Denys Choisy (1799–1859), a Swiss botanist and Professor of Philosophy at Geneva.
Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province). The first European to describe these plants was Philibert Commerçon (1727 – 1773), a French botanist accompanying French Navy admiral and explorer Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville, during his voyage of circumnavigation, and first published for him by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789.
In 1766 Bougainville received from Louis XV permission to circumnavigate the globe. He would become the 14th navigator in western history, and the first Frenchman, to sail around the world. This was the first expedition circumnavigating the globe with professional naturalists and geographers aboard.

The use of Bougainvillea against sand flies.
Recent publications indicate that Bougainvillea plants serve as an effective attractant to sandflies and kill the insect when it feeds on them.
Schlein, Y., R. L. Jacobson and G. C. Müller (Department of Parasitology, The Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, The Hebrew University- Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel).
"The sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi transmits Leishmania major in the Old World. In addition to blood the sand flies feed on plants. In a study of this diet we observed that one night feeding on branches of Solanum jasminoides, Ricinus communis or Bougainvillea glabra drastically shortened the life span of the sand flies. Flowering B. glabra attracted P. papatasi in the field. Nevertheless, in the endemic region of L. major, in yards abounding with vector sand flies, the number of P. papatasi trapped near hedges of B. glabra was eight times less (62: 502 flies trapped) than in the control sites. The results imply that B. glabra affords local protection against sand fly bites and decreases the risk of leishmaniasis".



Bougainvillea glabra, Paper Flower,Lesser bougainvillea, בוגנוויליה
Location: Capernaum


Flora of Israel online, Native plants