|Scientific name:||Asphodelus aestivus Brot.|
|Synonym name:||Asphodelus ramosus L.|
|Synonym name:||Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. et Viv.|
|Common name:||Common Asphodel|
|Hebrew name:||עירית גדולה|
|Arabic name:||يغ نلاص|
|Stems:||Erect, single, glabrous branched scape|
|Leaves:||Basal rosette; sessile from an underground stem; parallel venation, ensiform, smooth margin|
|Flowers:||White with pink, stellate; 6 tepals with central reddish-brown mid-vein; 6 anthers, white firm filament and an orange anther; superior ovary|
|Fruits / pods:||Green dehiscent capsule with up to 6 seeds|
|Flowering Period:||January, February, March, April|
|Habitat:||Batha, Phrygana, Shrub-steppes|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Asphodelus, ασφοδελοϛ, Greek name for this plant. Asphodel means the unsurpassed. The English word “daffodil” is a perversion of “asphodel,” formerly written “affodil.” Some philologists suggest that de name daffodil arose from the Dutch de affodil.
aestivus, Latin: æstivus, of summer, as in summer, summer-like.
microcarpus, micros, μικροϛ, "small, little, short", carpos, καρποϛ, "fruit"; small fruits.
The Hebrew word: עירית, irit is mentioned in the Tosefta, Shevi'it, 5:17 *Chazal literature, as fodder for domestic animals.
The bulbs and roots of Asphodelus microcarpus are used in herbal medicine.
They are used to treat ectodermal parasites, jaundice, and psoriasis, it is also used by Bedouins in Sinai, Egypt, as an antimicrobial agent.
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.
*Chazal is an acronym for the Hebrew "Ḥakhameinu Zikhronam Liv'rakha" (חכמינו זכרונם לברכה, "Our Sages, may their memory be blessed"), referring to all Jewish sages of the Mishna, Tosefta and Talmud eras (250 BCE – c. 625 CE).