|Scientific name:||Arabis alpina L.|
|Synonym name:||Arabis merinoi Pau>/I. Arabis pieninica Wol.|
|Common name:||Alpine rock-cress|
|Hebrew name:||ארביס קווקזי|
|Family:||Brassicaceae / Cruciferae, Cabbage Family, משפחת המצליבים|
|Stems:||Stems 5—15 cm, ascending to erect, with several leaves, an one-stemmed plant or as a loose tussock with several stems; stems and leaves moderately to densely pubescent with small, multibranched (dendroid) hairs.|
|Leaves:||Rosette, long, dentate and clearly stalked|
|Inflorescence:||An open raceme with 5—15 flowers, short and broad in the flowering stage, 1—3 × 1—2.5 cm, elongating markedly during fruit maturation to (4)5—6 cm.|
|Flowers:||Regular (actinomorphic). 4 white petals, with rounded tip; 4 sepals four, with pointed tip, swollen base, and membranous margins; pistil formed from two fused carpels; 6 stamens, two of them short, four long.|
|Fruits:||Pod, 2–3 cm long, divided in two by a membranous wall (a siliqua); fruit-stalk directed obliquely upwards ca. 1 cm long; seed brown, roundish, flat, and narrowly and imperfectly winged|
|Flowering Period:||April, May, June|
|Habitat:||Hard rock outcrops|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Mt. Hermon|
|Chorotype:||Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Arabis, a Greek word used for "mustard" or "cress," and the Greek word for Arabia.
alpina, of alps, mountains.
The Hebrew word: ארביס, Arabis, transliteration from the scientific name.
*Pictures taken in Ragunda, Sweden (see: www.flowersinsweden.com/Arabisalpina_page.htm.