Antirrhinum majus, Common Snapdragon,
Hebrew: לוע-ארי הגדול, Arabic: گل میمون

Scientific name:  Antirrhinum majus L.
Common name:   Common Snapdragon
Hebrew name:  לוע-ארי הגדול
Arabic name:  گل میمون
Family:  Scrophulariaceae, לועניתיים

Antirrhinum majus, Common Snapdragon, לוע-ארי הגדול

Life form:   Chamaephyte
Stems:  15-90cm high; plants with dark colored flowers have dark green or reddish stems and those with white or pale flowers have pale green stems
Leaves:  Alternate, simple, entire, oblong; spatulate; more than 3 times as long as wide
Inflorescence:  Flowers zygomorphic, in terminal, bracteate racemes
Flowers:  Bracts ovate to ovate-lanceolate; pedicels 2-10mm; calyx lobes, ovate-oblong to suborbicular, obtuse; corolla, pink, violet
Fruits / pods:  Ovoid capsule 10-14 mm diameter, containing numerous small seeds
Flowering Period:   April, May
Habitat:  Hard rock outcrops
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Derivation of the botanical name:
Antirrhinum, from Greek anti (αντι), "like," and rhis (ριϛ, ινοϛ), "nose", inus (-ινοϛ), probably referring to the nose-like capsule in its mature state.
majus, bigger, larger.
The Romans called it leonis ora, or “lion’s mouth.” The Old French word for Snapdragon was muflier, or “snout”; the Italians called the flower bocca de leone, and the Germans Löwenmäul, which both mean “lion’s mouth.”
The Hebrew word: לוע-ארי, loah-arie, “lion’s mouth.”
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.