|Scientific name:||Anchusa milleri Lam. ex Spreng.|
|Synonym name:||Anchusa ryssosperma Steud. ex A.Rich|
|Common name:||Alkanet, Bugloss, Oxtongue|
|Hebrew name:||לשון-פר מדברית, לשון-הפר המדברית|
|Arabic name:||لسان الثور الميلري|
|Family:||Boraginaceae, Forget-me-not family, זיפניים|
|Stems:||10-50 cm high; stems simple or branched, procumbent|
|Leaves:||Alternate, entire, oblanceolate to oblong, covered with short hairs and long bristles, margin smooth; apex obtuse to acute; base attenuate; upper leaves sessile|
|Inflorescence:||Leafy, raceme-like, and lax in fruit; hermaphrodite|
|Flowers:||bracteate, and pedicellate. Bracts, foliose, sessile; pedicel 3-8 mm, elongate in fruit; calyx 5-7 mm, divided almost to base; lobes, linear, and not accrescent in fruit; corolla 1-1.3 cm, white or pinkish; tube 7-9 mm, straight; scales, 0.5 mm, inserted at the corolla-throat, exserted, oblong, velutinous, the tips curved outwards; limb 4-5 mm broad, slightly zygomorphic; lobes 1.5-2 mm, broadly obovate; stamens inserted at the middle of the tube, in 2 series of 2 and 3; anthers 1 mm, oblong- elliptic, obtuse; ovary glabrous; style 2-2.5 mm, slender, glabrous; stigma 2-lobed|
|Fruits / pods:||4 Nutlets, 3.5-4 x 2-2.5mm, erect or slightly oblique; inner face is flat, outer face is convex, and reticulate-ribbed; ribs, smooth, yellowish-brown, glabrous|
|Flowering Period:||March, April|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts|
|Chorotype:||Irano-Turanian - Saharo-Arabian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Anchusa, αγχουσα, a plant used for cosmetic as a rouge, perhaps Anchusa tinctoria.
milleri, named for Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr. (1869 - 1956), an American zoologist and botanist.
ryssosperma, rysso ???, sperma, "a seed".
The Hebrew name: לשון-פר, lashon-par, 'ox-tongue', the leaves have raised spots with short, hooked bristles, giving the leaves a very rough feeling (like an ox’s tongue, hence the name).