Adonis palaestina, Adonis aestivalis,
Palestine Pheasant's Eye,
Hebrew: דמומית ארץ-ישראלית, Arabic: الأدونيس الفلسطيني

Scientific name:  Adonis palaestinaBoiss.
Synonym name:  Adonis aestivalis L.
Common name:  Palestine Pheasant's Eye
Hebrew name:  דמומית ארץ-ישראלית
Arabic name:  الأدونيس الفلسطيني
Family:  Ranunculaceae, נוריתיים

Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres

Life form:  Annual
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected twice or more, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Red
Flowering Period:   February, March, April
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:   The Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל

Derivation of the botanical name:
Adonis, Αδωνιϛ, ιδοϛ, "god of plants", the Greek classical name; in Greek legend Adonis was a beautiful youth loved by both Aphrodite and Persephone "when Adonis died Zeus decreed that he should spend winters in the underworld with Persephone and spend summers with Aphrodite" Then, it came to pass that a boar killed Adonis. Upon learning the news, Aphrodite shed as many tears as the blood drops that had fallen from Adonis’s body. A rose bush grew from each one of Aphrodite’s tears, and a plant of that name from each drop of blood.
palaestina, Palestine, Eretz-Israel, Israel.
The Hebrew word:דמומית, dmumit, from דם, blood. The Hebrew name refers to the red color as the blood of the flowers, in French, l'adonis goutte-de-sang, which means "drop of blood".
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810–1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
H.B.Tristram, The Natural History of the Bible: "Almost a rival of the Anemone in brillancy, though less common and smaller, is the scarlet Ranunculus asiaticus, and in the open fields and plains of the Jordan, the large Pheasant's Eye (Adonis palaestina)."
According to H.B.Tristram, the true "floral glories of Palestine" are the pheasant's eye (Adonis palaestina), the ranunuculus (R. Asiaticus), and the anemone (A. coronaria).