Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa farnesiana, Vachellia farnesiana,
Sweet acacia, Needle Bush, Cassie, Huisache,
Hebrew: שיטת המשוכות, Arabic: سنط عربي

Scientific name:  Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
Synonym name:  Mimosa farnesiana; Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
English name:  Sweet acacia, Needle Bush, Cassie, Huisache
Hebrew name/שם עברי:  שיטת המשוכות
Arabic name/الاسم العربي:  سنط عربي
Español:  Espinillo blanco
粵語-Cantonese:  金合歡
Plant Family:  Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family, שיטיים

Israel Wild Flowers

Life form:  tree
Leaves:  Alternate, bipinnate or more, smooth
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite (with stamens and pistil(s)), Orange petals; flowers provide a fragrant essential oil which is used in the perfume industry as a violet scent substitute
Fruits / pods:  Pods contain 23 percent tannin, a glucoside of ellagic acid, and are used for tanning leather
Flowering Period:  Spring, Summer
Habitat:   Cultivated areas, Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:   American
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa 
farnesiana, Vachellia farnesiana, Sweet acacia, Needle Bush, Cassie, Huisache, שיטת המשוכות

Derivation of the botanical name:
Acacia, from the Greek word akis, meaning a point or a barb.
farnesiana, named after the Farnese Gardens in Italy where it was first cultivated in 1611 (the gardens were laid out in the 16th century by Vignola for Cardinal Alessandro Farnese and were completed by Rainaldi).
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Willd is used to indicate Carl Ludwig von Willdenow (1765–1812), a German botanist, pharmacist, and plant taxonomist.
Cassie is the name given by the French to the yellow flower-heads of the Acacia Farnesiana.
Perfume is extracted from the flowers in form of concrete or pomade. Grasse, France is the mimosa capital of the world, and the harvest is a special time of year. From couturier Hubert de Givenchy comes a feminine fragrance created in celebration of the mimosa harvest: Givenchy’s Amarige Harvest Collection.
Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa farnesiana, Vachellia farnesiana, is an American plant, only recently introduced into the area, and could not possibly be "a plant of the Bible."

And...more names: Cassie, Cassy, Dead Finish, Farnese Wattle, Mimosa Wattle, Mimosa Bush, Prickly Mimosa Bush, Prickly Moses, Needle Bush, North-west Curara, Sheep’s Briar, Sponge Wattle, Sweet Acacia, Thorny Acacia, Thorny Feather-wattle, Wild Briar.

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